HIV-1 infection and hematologic picture.

M. C. Re, G. Zauli, G. Furlini, M. Giovannini, M. La Placa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This review examines the wide spectrum of hematological abnormalities frequently observed in the peripheral blood and bone marrow of HIV-1 infected subjects. Several pathogenetic mechanisms have been implicated in the derangement of the hematopoietic system occurring during the course of HIV-1 infection: imbalance of the T-cell subpopulation (CD4/CD8 ratio), altered cytokine production by infected CD4+marrow cells, production of inhibitory factors by infected marrow stromal cells, antibody-mediated suppression of hematopoietic progenitors, direct infection of hematopoetic progenitors and/or precursors, and HIV-1 mediated suppression of CD34+ cell growth in the absence of a complete viral replication cycle. Each point is considered in the text, with particular attention to the mechanisms most likely to operate in the early stages of the syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalMicrobiologica
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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