HIV and tuberculosis: The paradox of dual illnesses and the challenges of their fighting in the history

Diana Canetti, Niccolò Riccardi, Mariano Martini, Simone Villa, Antonio Di Biagio, Luigi Codecasa, Antonella Castagna, Ilaria Barberis, Valentina Gazzaniga, Giorgio Besozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an ancient infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is still nowadays afflicting humans all over the world. It causes ill-health for 10 million people each year. Tuberculosis (TB) has been the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent, ranking above HIV/AIDS. In recent years, infection with HIV represents a major risk factor predisposing for infection and TB is the most common cause of AIDS-related death. Despite the treatment of HIV-associated TB has essentially retraced that recommended in HIV-negative cases, it has disclosed some additional challenges over the years. The association of delayed and missed diagnoses, logistic accidents and some well-known complications of HIV and TB treatment co-administration has contributed to 300,000 people living with HIV died from a preventable and curable disease like TB in 2017. The evaluation of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches with the struggle to erase stigma are essential to successfully manage HIV-TB coinfection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101921
JournalTuberculosis
Volume122
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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