HIV serological screening in a population of pregnant women in the Republic of Congo: Suitability of different assays

Bianca Bruzzone, Francesca Bisio, Agostina Ventura, Nicola Nigro, Landry M. Miguel, Franck A. Mayinda Mboungou, Abdon C. Nzagou, Patrice Mayembo, Filippo Uberti, Andrea De Maria, Giancarlo Icardi, Claudio Viscoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Different strategies can be applied for the screening of HIV infection, depending on the local seroprevalence. Within a WHO type III strategy, we compared the results of two different second-line methods for HIV screening of a population of pregnant women in the Republic of Congo. Sera from 3614 consecutive pregnant women were tested for HIV with Genescreen Plus Ag/Ab EIA assay; positive specimens were retested with two different second-line methods. (Determine HIV-1/2 rapid test and Vironostika HIV Ag/Ab specific EIA assay). Discordant samples were tested with HIV-1/2 Western Blot and, if necessary, HIV RNA molecular assay. Of the 3614 sera, 221 were positive with Genscreen. Among them, 21 and 10 tested negative with Vironostika and Determine, respectively. A 100% correspondence with 3rd line confirmation test results was found in Genscreen positive/Vironostika negative samples, whereas a 5.5% overestimation of HIV seroprevalence was observed when Determine, instead of Vironostika, was used as second-line test. The choice of appropriate assays in adequate sequence, within the correct WHO strategy, is pivotal to minimize the risk of overtreatment of HIV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-903
Number of pages4
JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

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Keywords

  • Assays
  • HIV screening
  • Pregnant women
  • Prevalence
  • Republic of Congo
  • WHO strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Bruzzone, B., Bisio, F., Ventura, A., Nigro, N., Miguel, L. M., Mayinda Mboungou, F. A., Nzagou, A. C., Mayembo, P., Uberti, F., De Maria, A., Icardi, G., & Viscoli, C. (2008). HIV serological screening in a population of pregnant women in the Republic of Congo: Suitability of different assays. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 13(7), 900-903. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02090.x