A cohort of 39 vertically infected children (class N, A, B, and C of the CDC HIV classification for pediatric infection) was studied by virus isolation and non-syncytium inducing (NSI)/syncytium inducing (SI) HIV-1 phenotype evaluation. The HIV-1 isolates were recovered from PBMCs and the MT-2 cell line was used to perform the syncytium assay. HIV-1 could be isolated in 34 of 39 (87%) infected children, regardless of the clinical and immunological stage of the disease. Class N and A subjects harbored exclusively NSI strains, whereas the SI phenotype was detected in two of eight class B and five of nine class C patients. All of the SI variants were observed in severely CD4-depleted children (class 3 patients). The capability of pediatric HIV-1 isolates to induce a cytopathic effect is associated with the clinical status and the degree of CD4 depletion. These data suggest that the biological properties of HIV-1 isolates in children do not differ from those observed in adults, and that viral phenotype strictly correlates with disease progression in vertically infected children.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 1996|
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