HLA class I-specific inhibitory receptors in human T lymphocytes: Interleukin 15-induced expression of CD94/NKG2A in superantigen- or alloantigen-activated CD8+ T cells

Maria Cristina Mingari, Marco Ponte, Stefania Bertone, Francesca Schiavetti, Chiara Vitale, Rosa Bellomo, Alessandro Moretta, Lorenzo Moretta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A fraction of human T lymphocytes, predominantly CD8+, express receptors for HLA class I molecules typical of natural killer cells (natural killer receptors or NKRs) that inhibit T cell receptor-mediated functions. Herein, we analyzed possible mechanism(s) leading to the expression of NKRs by T cells responding to superantigens or allogeneic cells in vitro. We show that, in the presence of interleukin 15 (IL-15), T cells (depleted of NKR+ cells) responding to toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 de novo express CD94, a molecule that is part of a heterodimeric NKR with a broad specificity for different HLA class I alleles. Maximal CD94 expression occurred when IL-15 was added shortly after the cells were placed into culture, and CD94 expression started 4-6 days after addition of IL-15. Although both CD4+ and CD8+ cells expressed CD94, the simultaneous expression of NKG2A (i.e., the other component of the CD94/NKG2A inhibitory NKR) was confined to CD8+ cells. Similar data were obtained in T cell populations activated in mixed lymphocyte cultures in the presence of IL-15. The expression of CD94/NKG2A led to an impairment of allo-specific cytolytic activity by mixed lymphocyte culture-derived T cell populations or clones. Remarkably, cytolysis could be restored by the addition of anti-CD94 mAb, i.e., by masking the inhibitory NKRs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1172-1177
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 3 1998

Keywords

  • T cell subsets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

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