Colonic epithelial cells (CEC) were isolated from actively inflamed mucosa of IBD patients and checked for HLA-DR, HLA-DP, and HLA-DQ. Half of the freshly isolated CEC from IBD tissue expressed DR, and one third were positive for DP and DQ. Normal human CEC were then cultured for 24 h and their expression of these markers in response to different types of in vitro stimulation was investigated. A significant increase in the expression of DR, DP and DQ was observed in response to the nonspecific mitogen phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), the lymphokine gamma-interferon (γ-IFN) and the epidermal growth factor (EGF). The enhancement of DR expression was more marked than that of DP and DQ. The effect of γ-IFN was more rapid and significantly more marked than that of either PHA and EGF for all three antigens. EGF appeared to be more potent than PHA in enhancing the expression of DP and DQ. The data from this study indicate that HLA-D region antigens can be induced on human CEC by different types of stimuli and provide further evidence that the expression of these markers in the colonic epithelium is a normal event the magnitude of which can increase under various circumstances. The data also suggest that the increased expression of HLA-D region antigens by IBD CEC occurs as a result of different mechanisms, and that this expression is an indicator of the active participation of the colonic epithelium to the mucosal inflammatory response.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
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