The contribution of HLA-DP genes to celiac disease susceptibility has been investigated in 95 Italian patients, 41 with childhood and 54 with adult disease onset. Polymerase chain reaction amplification, sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe hybridization and restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses have been carried out. All celiac patients and 56 out of 128 random healthy controls were DQw2-positive. The frequency of the DPB1*0101 allele was significantly increased (p(c)= 0.002, relative risk 5.21) in patients with celiac disease (23.2%) compared to the whole panel of controls (5.5%), but not to the 56 controls bearing DQw2 (10.7%). No significant difference in the frequency of DPB1*0101 was found between celiac patients with pediatric (24.4%,) or adult (22.2%) onset. The DPB1*0101 allele was associated with both the DR3-DQw2 and DR7-DQw2 haplotypes. Moreover, our study has not confirmed the association with DPB1*0402 and DPB1*0301 previously reported in celiac children from southern Italy. The linkage of the DPB1*0101 allele with the DQ locus and the observation that the DP but not the DQ association appears to be ethnically dependent strongly support a secondary role of DP molecules in celiac disease susceptibility.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
- Celiac disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology