Objectives: To investigate whether (1) there were differences between HLA-DRB1∗15-positive and -negative patients at baseline, and (2) HLA-DRB1∗15-positive patients showed a greater development of brain and spinal cord damage, as assessed by MRI, and greater progression of disability, during a 5-year follow-up, compared with HLA-DRB1∗15-negative patients. Methods: HLA-DRB1∗15 typing was performed in 41 patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) who were recruited within 5 years of symptom onset. All patients and 18 healthy controls were studied clinically and with MRI at baseline, and every 6 months for 3 years, and then at 5 years. Magnetization transfer ratio parameters and volumes for brain gray matter and normal-appearing white matter, brain T2 lesion load, and spinal cord cross-sectional area were obtained. Patient disability was assessed at each visit using the Expanded Disability Status Scale and Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite subscores. Results: There were no significant differences between HLA-DRB1∗15-positive and -negative patients at baseline. HLA-DRB1∗15-positive patients showed a greater decline in brain magnetization transfer ratio for gray matter and normal-appearing white matter (both p 5 0.005) than HLA-DRB1∗15-negative patients over 5 years, while the same parameters did not change over time in healthy controls. HLA-DRB1∗15-positive patients also showed a trend toward a faster increase in brain T2 lesion load than HLA-DRB1∗15-negative patients (0.29 [95% confidence interval 0.20-0.38] vs 0.21 [0.13-0.30] mL/mo, p 5 0.085) and higher T2 lesion volumes at all time points (average difference [95% confidence interval]: 10.58 mL [7.09-14.07], p , 0.001) during the follow-up, after adjusting for disease duration. Conclusions: These findings suggest that HLA-DRB1∗15 influences the progression of brain pathology in PPMS.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology