Purpose: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classic major histocompatibility complex HLA class I molecule. HLA-G may have tolerogenic properties which are linked to epigenetic-sensitive pathways. There is a correlation of sHLA-G levels and graft acceptance in transplantation studies. There are previous data on correlation of sHLA-G with graft rejection as well as with viral infections such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) in kidney transplanted patients. Here, we report the sHLA-G expression in patients on the waiting list for kidney transplantation, with and without anti-HCV compared to a control group. Methods: Serum of 67 patients on the waiting list for kidney transplantation (n = 43 with anti-HCV and n = 24 without anti-HCV) was analyzed. Among these patients, n = 39 were on the waiting list for the first transplantation, while n = 28 were patients who returned in the list. The control group included n = 23 blood donors with anti-HCV (n = 13) and without anti-HCV (n = 10). Results: The expression of sHLA-G was significantly lower in the control group (39.6 ± 34.1 U/ml) compared to both - patients on the waiting list for the first transplantation (62.5 ± 42.4 U/ml, p=0.031) and patients who returned in the list (76.7 ± 53.9 U/ml, p=0.006). No significant differences were observed in all anti-HCV positive groups. A positive linear correlation between sHLA-G and TNF-α and patient age was observed. Conclusions: Serum sHLA-G values were significantly increased in both - patients on the waiting list for the first transplantation and patients who returned in the list, as compared to control group. Our findings confirm the key tolerogenic role of sHLA-G levels as epigenetic-related marker for measuring the state of kidney allograft acceptance.
- Kidney transplantation
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