Hodgkin's disease (HD) is a peculiar type of human malignantly lymphoma characterized by a very low frequency of tumor cells, the so called Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (H-RS) cells, embedded in a hyperplastic background of non-neoplastic (reactive) cells recruited and activated by H-RS cells- derived cytokines. H-RS cells can be functionally regarded as antigen- presenting cells (APC) able to elicit an intense, but anergic and ineffective, T-cell mediated immune response along with a hyperplastic inflammatory reaction which involves several cell types including T- and B- cells, neutrophils, eosinophils, plasma cells, fibroblasts and stromal cells. In tissues involved by HD, malignant H-RS cells and their reactive neighboring cells are able to cross-talk via a complex network of cytokine- and cell contact-dependent interactions. As a result of such interactions, mediated by specific surface receptors and adhesion molecules on both tumor and non-neoplastic cells, H-RS cells may receive several proliferative and anti-apoptotic signals favoring the cellular expansion and tumor cell survival in HD. The ineffective T-cell immune response elicited by the abnormal APC function of H-RS cells may further contribute to the biologic and clinical progression of HD. Innovative therapeutic strategies aimed at blocking the pathways of dysregulated cellular cross-talk among H-RS cells and bystander reactive cell populations might be beneficial in the teatment of HD patients.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
- Cell contact-dependent interactions
- Cytokine network
- Hodgkin's disease
- Human lymphomas
ASJC Scopus subject areas