The outcome of patients with HIV-HD has improved with better, combined antineoplastic and antiretroviral approaches. New and effective antiretroviral drugs (ie, protease inhibitors), in conjunction with nucleoside analogs, improve the control of the underlying HIV infection when used during treatment of HD with chemotherapy. In fact, the possibility of reducing viral load to undetectable levels and increasing the CD4+ cell count reduces the risk of OIs during antineoplastic treatment. The inclusion of hematopoietic growth factors in the treatment of patients with HIV-HD may allow for the administration of higher dose-intensity chemotherapy and the prolonged use of antiretroviral drugs, with the aim of improving the survival. Finally, more effective antineoplastic regimens - such as high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (which is required in the case of HIV-HD, due to its aggressiveness) - should be considered to improve the response rate and disease-free survival of these patients.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2003|
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