Home-based telesurveillance and rehabilitation after stroke: a real-life study

Palmira Bernocchi, Fabio Vanoglio, Doriana Baratti, Roberta Morini, Silvana Rocchi, Alberto Luisa, Simonetta Scalvini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: After discharge from in-hospital rehabilitation, post-stroke patients should have the opportunity to continue the rehabilitation through structured programs to maintain the benefits acquired during intensive rehabilitation treatment.

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing an home-based telesurveillance and rehabilitation (HBTR) program to optimize the patient's recovery by reducing dependency degree.

METHOD: Post-stroke patients were consecutively screened. Data were expressed as mean ±  standard deviation (SD). 26 patients enrolled: 15 were sub-acute (time since stroke: 112 ± 39 days) and 11 were chronic (time since stroke: 470 ± 145 days). For 3 months patients were followed at home by a nurse-tutor, who provided structured phone support and vital signs telemonitoring, and by a physiotherapist (PT) who monitored rehabilitation sessions by videoconferencing.

RESULTS: 23 patients completed the program; 16.7 ± 5.2 phone contacts/patient were initiated by the nurse and 0.9 ± 1.8 by the patients. Eight episodes of atrial fibrillation that required a change in therapy were recorded in two patients. Physiotherapists performed 1.2 ± 0.4 home visits, 1.6 ± 0.9 phone calls and 4.5 ± 2.8 videoconference-sessions per patient. At least three sessions/week of home exercises were performed by 31% of patients, two sessions by 54%. At the end of the program, global functional capacity improved significantly (P 

CONCLUSION: The home-based program was feasible and effective in both sub-acute and chronic post-stroke patients, improving their recovery, and maintaining the benefits reached during inpatient rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-115
Number of pages10
JournalTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Physical and rehabilitation medicine
  • Stroke
  • Telehealth
  • Telemedicine
  • Telenursing
  • Video-conferencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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