Human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-C molecules regulate the function of natural killer cells and may be subdivided into two groups, C(1) and C(2), based on their specificity for inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptors. We analysed the impact of the HLA-C genotype on outcome of HLA-C-matched unrelated donor haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (URD-HSCT) recipients. HLA-C(2) homozygous patients (n = 18) had lower probability of overall survival (P = 0·01) and disease-free survival (P = 0·02), resulting from increased relapse rate (P = 0·02) when compared with both HLA-C(1) homozygous (n = 43) and HLA-C(1),C(2) heterozygous (n = 50) subgroups. Patients lacking HLA-C(1) should, therefore, be considered at increased risk of relapse following HLA-C-matched URD-HSCT.
- Human leucocyte antigen-C
- Killer immunoglobulin-like receptor ligand
- Unrelated donor haematopoietic stem cell transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas