Biallelic mutations in the C1QBP gene have been associated with mitochondrial cardiomyopathy and combined respiratory-chain deficiencies, with variable onset (including intrauterine or neonatal forms), phenotypes, and severity. We studied two unrelated adult patients from consanguineous families, presenting with progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), mitochondrial myopathy, and without any heart involvement. Muscle biopsies from both patients showed typical mitochondrial alterations and the presence of multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions, whereas biochemical defects of the respiratory chain were present only in one subject. Using next-generation sequencing approaches, we identified homozygous mutations in C1QBP. Immunoblot analyses in patients' muscle samples revealed a strong reduction in the amount of the C1QBP protein and varied impairment of respiratory chain complexes, correlating with disease severity. Despite the original study indicated C1QBP mutations as causative for mitochondrial cardiomyopathy, our data indicate that mutations in C1QBP have to be considered in subjects with PEO phenotype or primary mitochondrial myopathy and without cardiomyopathy.
- mitochondrial DNA
- primary mitochondrial myopathy
- progressive external ophthalmoplegia
ASJC Scopus subject areas