Patients with unilateral neglect can misperceive horizontal distances in the contralesional space as being shorter than equivalent ipsilesional ones. We evaluated the visual and motor-proprioceptive components of space misrepresentation through a distance reproduction task performed both with and without visual guidance. Four groups of right brain damaged patients (neglect with hemianopia (N+H+), neglect with inferior quandrantanopia (N+Q+), neglect without hemianopia (N+H-) and patients without neglect or hemianopia (N-H-)) and one group of healthy controls (C) performed the line bisection task and reproduced horizontal distances either by setting the endpoints or by doubling the length of a line in the contralesional or ipsilesional space. The doubling length task was administered in three different conditions: (a) visuomotor (the patient draws the line in free vision); (b) visual (by sight the patient guides the examiner drawing the line); (c) proprioceptive-motor (the patient is blindfolded and manually inspects and extends the horizontal distance subtended by the line). Compared to C and N-H- patients, only N+H+ patients exhibited a significant ipsilesional shift in line bisection. N+H+ patients showed the most severe contralesional-overextension/ipsilesional-underextension asymmetry in the endpoint, visuomotor and visual line extension task. In the proprioceptive-motor condition no asymmetry was found and N+H- showed greater overextension on both sides of space. In N+H-, brain damage was mainly centered in central-frontal cortex and basal ganglia. These findings re-emphasize the relevance of damage to visual retinotopically organized representations of space in the genesis of horizontal space misrepresentation of neglect patients and suggest the possible association of a non-lateralized defective processing of proprioceptive-motor information with unilateral neglect.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- Horizontal space
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Behavioral Neuroscience
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology