Hormonal manipulation with toremifene in sporadic desmoid-type fibromatosis

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Introduction Many patients affected by desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF) are treated with a course of hormonal therapy as front line. So far, tamoxifene has been the preferred choice. Toremifene is an anti-oestrogen agent, but possible further mechanisms of action in desmoids are related to its role in regulation of transforming growth factor-beta and β-catenin pathways. Material and methods We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated with toremifene between 2005 and 2012 at a reference institution. Indication to toremifene was radiologically progressive disease and/or symptomatic deterioration. Progression-free survival (PFS), clinical benefit (CB) and safety profile were analysed. Results Forty-four patients were treated with toremifene 180 mg daily, 20 for radiological progression, 16 for pain and 8 for both. In 28 patients, toremifene was offered as front-line therapy, while in 11 after tamoxifen failure. PFS was 89.6% at 2 years. According to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours, partial response, stable disease and disease progression were observed in 25%, 65% and 10% of the patients, respectively. Symptomatic relief was obtained in 75% of patients. Median time to response was 4 months. Overall CB was 86%. Adverse events G≥2 according to National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria were recorded in ten patients. Discussion Present series provides evidence to make toremifene an option in patients with DF, even after failure on different hormonal agents. A prospective trial is ongoing to confirm these results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2800-2807
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Aggressive fibromatosis
  • Desmoid-type fibromatosis
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Soft tissue sarcoma
  • Toremifene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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