Hospital-acquired rotavirus and norovirus acute gastroenteritis in a pediatric unit, in 2014-2015

Diletta Valentini, Giovanni Ianiro, Ilaria Di Bartolo, Chiara Di Camillo, Elena Boccuzzi, Anna C Vittucci, Franco M Ruggeri, Marina Monini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The occurrence of hospital-acquired acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a major concern for public health. RotavirusA (RVA) and norovirus (NoV) are common causes of viral AGE in the pediatric population, and their role in nosocomial infections has been proven, remaining poorly investigated. To investigate RVA and NoV in hospital-acquired AGE, 55 stool samples from children with nosocomial AGE were collected between May 2014 and May 2015. To evaluate virus spreading routes, 51 environmental swabs were collected from staff and patients' rooms. Stools were tested for both RVA and NoV RNA by reverse-transcription-PCR. Nucleotide sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were performed to characterize the viruses. Forty-seven of 55 cases analyzed resulted positive for RVA. The predominant genotype was G4P[8] (18/55) followed by G1P[8] (14/55). Mixed RVA infections were also detected (7/55). Twenty-two samples were positive for NoV, and GII.4 was revealed to be the predominant genotype. Seventeen samples were positive for both RVA and NoV. This study aimed to evaluate the burden of norovirus and rotavirus nosocomial AGE, contributing to identify the environment source of infections and to activate effective strategies for intervention. The reduction in nosocomial AGE cases is an important aspect, considered the worsened disease course in transplant, cancer, and intensive care unit inpatients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1768-1774
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume89
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Acute Disease/epidemiology
  • Adolescent
  • Caliciviridae Infections/epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross Infection/epidemiology
  • Feces/virology
  • Female
  • Gastroenteritis/epidemiology
  • Genotype
  • Hospital Units
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Italy/epidemiology
  • Male
  • Mamastrovirus/genetics
  • Norovirus/genetics
  • Norwalk virus/genetics
  • Pediatrics
  • Phylogeny
  • Prospective Studies
  • RNA, Viral/genetics
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Rotavirus/genetics
  • Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA

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