The authors analysed the hospital admissions for Bronchiolitis in the Lazio Region during 1995 year. Main aims were to define the hospitalisation rate in Lazio and in the different local areas (province), to confirm the seasonal epidemic and to assess the number of subjects at risk of severe bronchiolitis. The regional hospitalisation rate was 1.6 %. There was a widespread variation in different areas: 0.3 % in Viterbo, 2.4 % in Frosinone. The seasonal bronchiolitis epidemics peaked in February and in December. There was a total number of 782 infants admitted to hospital for bronchiolitis over this period. The length of stay was negatively correlated with infants age (r -0.13, p <0.002). Neonates, forming the 9.46 % (74) of the total infants, had a mean duration of stay in hospital of 9.42 + 12.07 days (mean + standard deviation). There were 7.28% (57) infants, with underlying chronic diseases, who were at high risk for serious bronchiolitis. Three of these were neonates. The 54 non-neonatal infants with chronic diseases had a mean length of stay of 11.61 + 8.27 days, significantly higher than 6.06 + 4.13 days of the other infants (p <0.0001). The huge differences in hospitalisation rates can be probably explained by the different definitions used. The paper stress the need for a national accepted definition of bronchiolitis. The knowledge of the hospitalisation rates and the high risk infants rate can be useful to the health authorities and physicians involved in prophylaxis and therapy of bronchiolitis.
|Translated title of the contribution||Hospital admissions for bronchiolitis in an Italian local area (Lazio region): Need for a communal accepted definition|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Rivista Italiana di Pediatria|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health