Hospital Infection Control in Italy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In 1998, the National Health Plan identified the reduction of hospital infection (HI) incidence as a priority. This article reviews the main activities set up in Italy on infection control in the hospital setting. In 1983, the first national prevalence survey reported 6.8% and 7.6% prevalence rates of patients with HI and of His, respectively. The high point prevalence found in the intensive care units (ICU) (12.5%), prompted a national incidence study in 1985. This study found an incidence of 29.5 His per 100 patients in the ICUs: lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) were the most common HIs (47.8%), followed by urinary tract infections (UTI) (19.9%) and blood stream infections (BSI) (4.8%). A 1999 survey showed that in 463 Italian hospitals only 40.5% had protocols on the use of disinfectants, 32.3% on sterilization, 30.8% on occupational risk management, 18.3% on isolation measures, 17.7% on hand-washing, 14.3% on antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery, 9.4% on the prevention of surgical site infections and 8.5% on the management of CVC. A national forum to consider surveillance systems using standardized definitions and methodologies is urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-9
Number of pages6
JournalInfection, Supplement
Volume31
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

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Infection Control
Cross Infection
Italy
Cohort Studies
Surgical Wound Infection
Hand Disinfection
Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Disinfectants
Risk Management
Urinary Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Infections
Intensive Care Units
Incidence
Health
Infection
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Hospital Infection Control in Italy. / Ippolito, G.; Nicastri, E.; Martini, L.; Petrosillo, N.

In: Infection, Supplement, Vol. 31, No. 2, 12.2003, p. 4-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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