How Do I Rehabilitate Patients with Cervical Dystonia Remotely?

Anna Castagna, Enrico Saibene, Marina Ramella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In literature there is a growing evidence that in cervical dystonia (CD) rehabilitation, both in person and remotely, is an efficacious add on treatment to botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) injections, but there is no consensus about protocols. We present here two rehabilitation programs implemented by our neuro-rehabilitative multidisciplinary team. The enclosed video clips show exercises to be performed at home as self-rehabilitation program, and exercises presented by a physiotherapist for a telerehabilitation program. These two protocols may be helpful for integrating rehabilitation with BoNT treatment in CD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMovement Disorders Clinical Practice
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • biofeedback
  • botulinum neurotoxin
  • cervical dystonia
  • motor learning
  • telerehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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