How does age affect the outcome of kidney transplantation in elderly recipients?

Flavia Neri, Lucrezia Furian, Francesco Cavallin, Matteo Ravaioli, Cristina Silvestre, Paola Donato, Gaetano La Manna, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Paolo Rigotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aging of the on-dialysis population raises the issue of whether to propose elderly patients for kidney transplantation and how to manage their immunosuppression. This study aimed to analyze the outcome of kidney transplantation on an Italian series of elderly recipients. We included in this retrospective study all patients over 60 years, receiving a deceased-donor kidney transplantation from January 2004 to December 2014 in two north Italian Centers. We analyzed the correlation of recipient age with graft's and patient's survival, delayed graft function, acute cellular rejection (ACR), surgical complications, infections, and glomerular filtration rate. Four hundred and fifty-two patients with a median age of 65 years were included in the study. One-, 3-, and 5-year patient's and graft's survival were, respectively, of 98.7%, 93%, 89% and 94.4%, 87.9%, 81.4%. The increasing recipient age was an independent risk factor only for the patient's (P=.008) and graft's survival (P=.002). ACR and neoplasia were also associated to a worse graft survival. The reduced graft survival in elderly kidney recipients seems to be related more to the increasing recipient's age than to the donor's features. In this population, the optimization of organ allocation and immunosuppression may be the key factors to endorse improvements.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13036
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • elderly recipients
  • extended criteria donors
  • kidney allocation
  • kidney transplantation
  • survival advantage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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