How embryology knowledge can help radiologists in the differential diagnosis of canal of Nuck pathologies

Francesca Rosa, Carola Martinetti, Maria Ala Veirana, Ali Attieh, Alessandra Trisoglio, Rossana Sabattini, Nicoletta Gandolfo, Alessandro Gastaldo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The Canal of Nuck (CN) is an anatomical structure which is often forgotten. It is the female equivalent of the male processus vaginalis and corresponds to a protrusion of parietal peritoneum that extends from the inguinal canal to labia majora. Radiologists rarely encounter patients with pathology of CN, especially in adult population. It is well known that CN diseases can occur in paediatric patient (especially younger than 5 years of age) and they are associated to high morbidity (for example ovarian hernia with high risk of incarceration and torsion). The aim of our work is to review embryology, anatomy and pathologies of the CN thanks to a multi modal approach—ultrasound (US), Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI)—to make radiologists more aware of such conditions and guarantee a prompt and correct diagnosis not only in paediatric patients but also in the adult population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRadiologia Medica
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Canal of Nuck
  • Computed Tomography
  • Magnetic Resonance imaging
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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