How immunological profile drives clinical phenotype of primary Sjögren's syndrome at diagnosis: Analysis of 10,500 patients (Sjögren Big Data Project)

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Abstract

© Copyright CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY 2018. Objective. To evaluate the influence of the main immunological markers on the disease phenotype at diagnosis in a large international cohort of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS). Methods. The Big Data Sjögren Project Consortium is an international, multicentre registry created in 2014. As a first step, baseline clinical information from leading centres on clinical research in SjS of the 5 continents was collected. The centres shared a harmonised data architecture and conducted cooperative online efforts in order to refine collected data under the coordination of a big data statistical team. Inclusion criteria were the fulfillment of the 2002 classification criteria. Immunological tests were carried out using standard commercial assays. Results. By January 2018, the participant centres had included 10,500 valid patients from 22 countries. The cohort included 9,806 (93%) women and 694 (7%) men, with a mean age at diagnosis of primary SjS of 53 years, mainly White (78%) and included from European countries (71%). The frequency of positive immunological markers at diagnosis was 79.3% for ANA, 73.2% for anti-Ro, 48.6% for RF, 45.1% for anti- La, 13.4% for low C3 levels, 14.5% for low C4 levels and 7.3% for cryoglobulins. Positive autoantibodies (ANA, Ro, La) correlated with a positive result in salivary gland biopsy, while hypocomplementaemia and especially cryoglobulinaemia correlated with systemic activity (mean ESSDAI score of 17.7 for cryoglobulins, 11.3 for low C3 and 9.2 for low C4, in comparison with 3.8 for negative markers). The immunological markers with a great number of statistically-significant associations (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S102-S111
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Volume36
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • ESSDAI
  • Hypocomplementaemia cryoglobulinaemia
  • Primary Sjögren's syndrome
  • Ro/La autoantibodies
  • Salivary gland biopsy

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