How many DNA analyses are performed on adult sexual assault victims in Milan (Italy): A ten-year review

Andrea Piccinini, Paolo Bailo, Giulia Vignali, Giussy Barbara, Giuseppe Gennari, Domenico Di Candia, Valentina Albertini, Alessandra Kustermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the actual use of serological/DNA analyses in the investigations carried out on adult sexual violence victims in Italy during the years 2006–2015. The victims were assisted in the largest Italian rape center, in Milan (Soccorso Violenza Sessuale e Domestica – SVSeD - Service for Sexual and Domestic Violence). The total number of sexual violence victims examined during the years 2006–2015 (adults and minors) was 3521, in 1697 of cases, biological evidence had been collected, while the number of adult victims (>18 y.o.) examined was 2300, in 1211 of cases biological evidence had been collected. Biological evidence was collected from the victims’ bodies using two swabs in five anogenital areas (labia maiora, labia minora, perineum, perianal and anal/rectum regions) and two swabs in all other skin areas suggested by the victims as areas of possible contact (double swab technique). Clothes were also collected on a case by case basis for the search of biological stains. Despite the proper collection, handling and chain of custody for all the swabs/items collected, serological/DNA analyses were requested in 86 cases out of 1211 only (710%). This percentage dropped to 190% when considering adolescent victims (13–19 y.o.). The reason why Italian Magistrates make little use of the powerful tool of DNA analyses in sexual assault cases, still remains unclear. Legal and procedural aspects are therefore also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalForensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Sex Offenses
Italy
DNA
Minors
Perineum
Clothing
Domestic Violence
Rape
Jurisprudence
Rectum
Coloring Agents
Skin

Keywords

  • Forensic DNA analysis
  • Italy
  • Sexual assault

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Genetics

Cite this

How many DNA analyses are performed on adult sexual assault victims in Milan (Italy) : A ten-year review. / Piccinini, Andrea; Bailo, Paolo; Vignali, Giulia; Barbara, Giussy; Gennari, Giuseppe; Di Candia, Domenico; Albertini, Valentina; Kustermann, Alessandra.

In: Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d3cc3eb85d264c8fa38395d5221f393a,
title = "How many DNA analyses are performed on adult sexual assault victims in Milan (Italy): A ten-year review",
abstract = "The aim of this study is to evaluate the actual use of serological/DNA analyses in the investigations carried out on adult sexual violence victims in Italy during the years 2006–2015. The victims were assisted in the largest Italian rape center, in Milan (Soccorso Violenza Sessuale e Domestica – SVSeD - Service for Sexual and Domestic Violence). The total number of sexual violence victims examined during the years 2006–2015 (adults and minors) was 3521, in 1697 of cases, biological evidence had been collected, while the number of adult victims (>18 y.o.) examined was 2300, in 1211 of cases biological evidence had been collected. Biological evidence was collected from the victims’ bodies using two swabs in five anogenital areas (labia maiora, labia minora, perineum, perianal and anal/rectum regions) and two swabs in all other skin areas suggested by the victims as areas of possible contact (double swab technique). Clothes were also collected on a case by case basis for the search of biological stains. Despite the proper collection, handling and chain of custody for all the swabs/items collected, serological/DNA analyses were requested in 86 cases out of 1211 only (710{\%}). This percentage dropped to 190{\%} when considering adolescent victims (13–19 y.o.). The reason why Italian Magistrates make little use of the powerful tool of DNA analyses in sexual assault cases, still remains unclear. Legal and procedural aspects are therefore also discussed.",
keywords = "Forensic DNA analysis, Italy, Sexual assault",
author = "Andrea Piccinini and Paolo Bailo and Giulia Vignali and Giussy Barbara and Giuseppe Gennari and {Di Candia}, Domenico and Valentina Albertini and Alessandra Kustermann",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.fsigss.2019.09.064",
language = "English",
journal = "Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series",
issn = "1875-1768",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How many DNA analyses are performed on adult sexual assault victims in Milan (Italy)

T2 - A ten-year review

AU - Piccinini, Andrea

AU - Bailo, Paolo

AU - Vignali, Giulia

AU - Barbara, Giussy

AU - Gennari, Giuseppe

AU - Di Candia, Domenico

AU - Albertini, Valentina

AU - Kustermann, Alessandra

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The aim of this study is to evaluate the actual use of serological/DNA analyses in the investigations carried out on adult sexual violence victims in Italy during the years 2006–2015. The victims were assisted in the largest Italian rape center, in Milan (Soccorso Violenza Sessuale e Domestica – SVSeD - Service for Sexual and Domestic Violence). The total number of sexual violence victims examined during the years 2006–2015 (adults and minors) was 3521, in 1697 of cases, biological evidence had been collected, while the number of adult victims (>18 y.o.) examined was 2300, in 1211 of cases biological evidence had been collected. Biological evidence was collected from the victims’ bodies using two swabs in five anogenital areas (labia maiora, labia minora, perineum, perianal and anal/rectum regions) and two swabs in all other skin areas suggested by the victims as areas of possible contact (double swab technique). Clothes were also collected on a case by case basis for the search of biological stains. Despite the proper collection, handling and chain of custody for all the swabs/items collected, serological/DNA analyses were requested in 86 cases out of 1211 only (710%). This percentage dropped to 190% when considering adolescent victims (13–19 y.o.). The reason why Italian Magistrates make little use of the powerful tool of DNA analyses in sexual assault cases, still remains unclear. Legal and procedural aspects are therefore also discussed.

AB - The aim of this study is to evaluate the actual use of serological/DNA analyses in the investigations carried out on adult sexual violence victims in Italy during the years 2006–2015. The victims were assisted in the largest Italian rape center, in Milan (Soccorso Violenza Sessuale e Domestica – SVSeD - Service for Sexual and Domestic Violence). The total number of sexual violence victims examined during the years 2006–2015 (adults and minors) was 3521, in 1697 of cases, biological evidence had been collected, while the number of adult victims (>18 y.o.) examined was 2300, in 1211 of cases biological evidence had been collected. Biological evidence was collected from the victims’ bodies using two swabs in five anogenital areas (labia maiora, labia minora, perineum, perianal and anal/rectum regions) and two swabs in all other skin areas suggested by the victims as areas of possible contact (double swab technique). Clothes were also collected on a case by case basis for the search of biological stains. Despite the proper collection, handling and chain of custody for all the swabs/items collected, serological/DNA analyses were requested in 86 cases out of 1211 only (710%). This percentage dropped to 190% when considering adolescent victims (13–19 y.o.). The reason why Italian Magistrates make little use of the powerful tool of DNA analyses in sexual assault cases, still remains unclear. Legal and procedural aspects are therefore also discussed.

KW - Forensic DNA analysis

KW - Italy

KW - Sexual assault

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072666773&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072666773&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.fsigss.2019.09.064

DO - 10.1016/j.fsigss.2019.09.064

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85072666773

JO - Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series

JF - Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series

SN - 1875-1768

ER -