How physical exercise changes rat myotendinous junctions: An ultrastructural study

D. Curzi, S. Salucci, M. Marini, F. Esposito, L. Agnello, A. Veicsteinas, S. Burattini, E. Falcieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Myotendinous junctions (MTJ) can be easily injured by overloading or trauma, and exercise training may be a way of increasing their resistance to mechanical stress. To this end, we examined herein the morphological changes induced by moderate exercise training in the MTJ of extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and gastrocnemius muscles in rats. Twelve Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this investigation. Six of them were trained to run on a treadmill for 1 h/day, 3 days/week over 10 weeks in order for them to achieve a running rate of 25 m/min at the end of the training period. Six agematched sedentary rats were used as controls. The rats were sacrificed 24 h after the final training session, and the EDL and the gastrocnemium were excised; the MTJ were then prepared and observed with electron microscopy. Digitation branching was evaluated by counting the bifurcations in the MTJ protrusions. Our observations indicate that exercise does indeed induce changes in MTJ morphology. In both muscles the number of bifurcated interdigitations increased significantly, as well as, in gastrocnemius, the branching of the finger-like processes. It was demonstrated that the MTJ is able to adapt to an increase in tensile force by enlarging the muscle-tendon contact area and, consequently, mechanical resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean journal of histochemistry : EJH
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Myotendinous junctions
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Tendon
  • Tension
  • Training
  • Ultrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Histology
  • Biophysics

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