Thiopronine (N-2-mercaptopropionyl-glycine, NMPG) inhibits the o-dihydroxy-phenolase activities of mushroom tyrosinase. When D,L-3-4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) is employed as substrate, the inhibition was found to be a competitive-type with Ki of 0.95 μM. We found in addition that thiopronine interacts with the enzymatic generated product (o-quinone) to form a colourless conjugate compound causing an apparent inhibition. These data suggest that thiopronine inhibits mushroom tyrosinase activity in two ways: (1) by forming an adduct with dopaquinone; and (2) by direct interaction with the enzyme probably towards the copper (II) present in the active site or cysteine-rich domains. This finding was indicated by the presence of a lag period prior to the attainment of an inhibited steady-state rate. Both lag period and steady-state rate were dependent on thiopronine and substrate concentrations. An increase of thiopronine concentration causes longer lag periods as well as a concomitant decrease in the tyrosinase activity. The presence of an excess of copper (II) reverses the inhibition exerted by thiopronine.
- Adduct formation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Analytical Chemistry