Transplantation of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) primary cells and cell lines in different strains of immunodeficient mice has led to preclinical models extensively used to investigate acute leukemia stem cells, biology and drug sensitivity. We studied the engraftment kinetics of AML and ALL cell lines and primary cells in 3 strains of NOD.CB17-Prkdcscid (NOD/scid, NS)-related mice (NOD.Cg-PrkdcscidB2mtm1Unc/J, abbreviated NOD/scid/β2 null, NSB; and NOD.Cg-PrkdcscidIl2rgtmIWjll/SzJ, abbreviated NOD/scid/IL-2Rγ null, NSG). The engraftment of human malignant cells was investigated by means of clinicopathological criteria, flow cytometry, PCR and immunohistochemistry. In NSG mice, we observed a significantly faster development of leukemia-related symptoms and a higher percentage of leukemia cells in the blood, in the marrow and in the spleen. The leukemia-related angiogenic switch (measured as the number of circulating endothelial cells and progenitors) was faster in NSG compared to NS and NSB mice. These models will be instrumental to studies on leukemia-initiating stem cells, leukemia biology, preclinical treatment studies, and to obtain patient-specific preclinical models to design and investigate patient-tailored therapies.
- Acute leukemia
- Circulating endothelial progenitors
- Preclinical models
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research