Human adipose-derived stem cells isolated from young and elderly women: Their differentiation potential and scaffold interaction during in vitro osteoblastic differentiation

Laura De Girolamo, Silvia Lopa, Elena Arrigoni, Matteo F. Sartori, Franz W. Baruffaldi Preis, Anna T. Brini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background aims Several authors have demonstrated that adipose tissue contains multipotent cells capable of differentiation into several lineages, including bone, cartilage and fat. Methods This study compared human adipose-derived stem cells (hASC) isolated from 26 female donors, under 35 and over 45 years old, showing differences in their cell numbers and proliferation, and evaluated their in vitro adipocytic and osteoblastic differentiation potential. Results The cellular yield of hASC from older donors was significantly greater than that from younger donors, whereas their clonogenic potential appeared slightly reduced. There were no significant discrepancies between hASC isolated from young and elderly women regarding their in vitro adipocytic differentiation, whereas the osteoblastic potential was significantly reduced by aging. We also assessed the influence of hydroxyapatite (HAP) and silicon carbide (SiCPECVD) on hASC. Even when cultured on scaffolds, hASC from younger donors had better differentiation into osteoblast-like cells than hASC from older donors; their differentiation ability was up-regulated by the presence of HAP, whereas SiCPECVD produced no significant effect on hASC osteoblastic differentiation. Conclusions The large numbers of hASC resident in adipose tissue and their differentiation features suggest that they could be used for a successful bone regeneration process in vivo. We have shown that age does not seem to affect cell viability and in vitro adipocytic differentiation significantly, whereas it does affects osteoblastic differentiation, in the absence and presence of two-dimensional and three-dimensional scaffolds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-803
Number of pages11
JournalCytotherapy
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Ex vivo expansion
  • Human adipose-derived stem cells
  • Multipotential differentiation
  • Osteoprogenitor cells
  • Tissue regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Molecular Medicine

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