Human adult and foetal liver sulphotransferases: Inhibition by mefenamic acid and salicylic acid

M. Vietri, A. Pietrabissa, F. Mosca, A. Rane, G. M. Pacifici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

1. The aim was to see whether mefenamic acid and salicylic acid had different inhibition profiles for SULT1A1 (substrate: 4-nitrophenol) and SULT1A3 (dopamine) activities and on (-)-salbutamol and minoxidil sulphation rates in the human adult and mid-gestational foetal livers. 2. The activity (pmol min-1 mg-1) of SULT1A1 was 662 ± 78 (adult) and 246 ± 159 (foetus; p = 0.0003) and that of SULT1A3 was 24 ± 4 (adult) and 121 ± 90 (foetus; p = 0.030). The rate (pmol min-1 mg-1) of (-)-salbutamol sulphation was 109 ± 27 (adult) and 117 ± 34 (foetus; p = 0.144) and that of minoxidil sulphation was 202 ± 38 (adult) and 108 ± 44 (foetus; p = 0.001). 3. With mefenamic acid as an inhibitor, the IC50 (μM) for SULT1A1 was 0.02 ± 0.004 (adult) and 0.01 ± 0.002 (foetus; p = 0.001); for SULT1A3 it was 76 ± 6 (adult) and 77 ± 13 (foetus; p = 0.889); for the rate of (-)-salbutamol sulphation it was 0.07 ± 0.005 (adult) and not determinable (foetus) and for minoxidil sulphation it was 1.6 ± 0.7 (adult) and 0.15 ± 0.04 (foetus; p = 0.076). 4. With salicylic acid as an inhibitor, the IC50 (μM) for SULT1A1 was 30 ± 2 (adult) and 25 ± 1 (foetus; p = 0.011); for SULT1A3 it was 690 ± 36 (adult) and 570 ± 16 (foetus; p = 0.229); for the rate of (-)-salbutamol sulphation it was 93 ± 11 (adult) and 344 ± 42 (foetus; p = 0.010); with minoxidil as substrate, the IC50 was not determinable. 5. In summary, SULT1A1, SULT1A3 and the sulphotransferases towards (-)salbutamol and minoxidil had measurable activities in the mid-gestational human foetal liver. Mefenamic acid was a more potent inhibitor than salicylic acid of both human adult and foetal liver SULT1A1 and SULT1A3 activities. Foetal liver SULT1A1 was more susceptible than adult liver SULT1A1 to inhibition by mefenamic acid and salicylic acid. These results are consistent with the view that sulphotransferases develop early in the human foetal liver and drugs may inhibit their activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-161
Number of pages9
JournalXenobiotica
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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