Lymphocyte clones were isolated from CD4+ peripheral-blood lymphocytes (PBL) of melanoma (Me) patient 9923 (HLA-DR7, DQw2, w6), co-cultured for 30 days with autologous accessory cells, allogeneic Me (Me 1811) (HLA-DR7, DQw1, w2), IL-1 β (2 U/ml) and IL-2 (15 IU/ml). The 55 clones tested displayed a CD3+, CD4+, CD8-, T-cell receptor (TCR) α/β+, γ/δ- phenotype. Twenty clones were assayed for proliferation in the presence of Me 1811 and B-lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) 1811, both expressing HLA-class-I and -II (DR7 and DQw2 shared with patient 9923), intercellular adhesion molecule-I (ICAM-1) and lymphocyte-function-associated antigen-3 (LFA-3) molecules. Eight clones were found to be reactive to Me 1811 but not to LCL 1811. Specificity analysis of these 8 clones revealed that each of them proliferated only to Me 1811, not to other 14 Me and 12 different LCL, suggesting recognition of melanoma-associated antigen (MAA) expressed on the stimulating Me. One clone (103) was analyzed in more detail. A wider specificity analysis showed that it reacted to Me 1811 but not to 10 other Me expressing or not HLA-DR7, 5 normal melanocyte cultures (2 of them typing HLA-DR7-positive when exposed to interferon-γ-IFN-γ), 4 tumors other than Me and 20 different LCL. Clones did not show proliferation in the presence of autologous Me cells. Clone proliferation in response to Me 1811 was significantly inhibited by monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed to CD3, TCR α/β, TCR β chain V12, CD4 and HLA-DR. Moreover, following stimulation with Me 1811, clone 103 showed increased surface expression of CD25 (IL-2 receptor) and CD71 (transferrin receptor) and produced significant amounts of IL-2 and IFN-γ. The supernatant taken from co-culture of clone 103 with Me 1811 augmented the cytotoxicity of PBL 9923 and other allogeneic PBL against K562 and Me 1811. Thus, the lymphocyte clone 103 is a CD4+ Th clone which uses its CD3/TCR α/β complex to recognize an MAA in conjunction with HLA-DR7. Availability of this type of reagent may prove useful to identify and characterize MAA recognized by T lymphocytes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research