Cross-reactive antibodies to HLA class I and HIV-1 gp120 were detected in the sera of HIV-1-positive individuals, and were found to share the same epitope specificity as a gp120-HLA class I cross-reactive monoclonal antibody (M38). The amino acid residues of HLA recognized by both M38 and the patient antibodies occur as a clustered pair in the HLA-C α1 domain. These sequences (KYKR and RKLR) are shared by almost all HLA-C alleles and are available to antibody binding only on β2-microglobulin-dissociated HLA heavy chains expressed on activated cells. Similar to M38, the antibody- binding sites on HIV-1 gp120 were mapped to two noncontiguous stretches of amino acids (KYK and KAKR), which flank a hydrophobic area of the immunodominant C5 region involved in gp41 binding. Serum antibodies immunoaffinity purified on synthetic HLA and gp120 peptides representing the M38-reactive regions were shown to bind to both HLA and gp120 in Western blot, as well as to membrane-bound HLA heavy chains, and to exhibit selective complement-mediated lysis of activated T cells. No serum antibodies could be detected that bind to the gp120 C5 region (peptide IEPLGVAPT) flanked by the two HLA-like sequences.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas