The aim of this study is to evaluate the analysis of markers related with progression, to further characterize familial breast cancers. Here, we investigated the expression of breast cancer susceptibility gene-1, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1, and Na +/H + exchanger regulatory factor 1 in 187 microarrayed breast carcinomas from 94 familial and 93 sporadic breast cancer patients by immunohistochemical staining. Furthermore, the expression levels of these biomarkers were compared with triple-negative phenotype. Familiarity was significantly associated with younger age (P +/H + exchanger regulatory factor 1 expression compared with sporadic cancers (P =.001); notably, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 staining correlated with cytoplasmic Na +/H + exchanger regulatory factor 1 expression in familial tumors (P =.009). In multivariate analysis, the "new biomarkers," including negative human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status (odds ratio, 4.538; 95% confidence interval, 1.756-11.728), negative membranous Na +/H + exchanger regulatory factor 1 expression (odds ratio, 7.686; 95% confidence interval, 1.876-31.483) and positive nuclear breast cancer susceptibility gene-1 (odds ratio, 0.3982; 95% confidence interval, 0.169-0.936), significantly correlated with family history of breast cancer. We hypothesize that the evaluation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, Na +/H + exchanger regulatory factor 1, and breast cancer susceptibility gene-1 could be clinically useful to identify familial breast tumors and to select patients candidate to breast cancer susceptibility genes 1/2 gene sequencing.
- Familial breast cancer
- Progression markers
- Triple-negative tumors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine