Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer: Heat shock protein 90 overexpression, Ki67 proliferative index, and topoisomerase II-α Co-amplification as predictors of pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab and docetaxel

Emilio Bria, Jenny Furlanetto, Luisa Carbognin, Matteo Brunelli, Chiara Caliolo, Rolando Nortilli, Francesco Massari, Serena Pedron, Erminia Manfrin, Francesca Pellini, Franco Bonetti, Isabella Sperduti, Giovanni Paolo Pollini, Aldo Scarpa, Giampaolo Tortora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background The combination of trastuzumab and chemotherapy is currently considered the standard of care for patients with locally advanced/operable human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. The potential correlation between the pathologic complete response (pCR) and the overexpression of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), Ki67, and the amplification of topoisomerase II-α (TOPO2A) was investigated in a series of patients who received neoadjuvant treatment.

Methods HER2-amplified patients who received neoadjuvant trastuzumab-docetaxel were gathered. Baseline and postsurgical Hsp90 immunoscore, Ki67 proliferation index, and TOPO2A amplification were determined together with classic clinical-pathologic predictors and correlated with pCR and imaging data.

Results A total of 24 patients were evaluated for response; pCR, clinical, and radiologic response were found in 4 patients (16.7%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7-31.5), 9 patients (37.5%; 95% CI, 18.1-56.8), and 6 patients (25.0%; 95% CI, 7.6-42.3) patients, respectively. pCR was significantly higher in premenopausal (60.0% vs. 5.3%, P =.02) and negative hormonal receptor patients (50.0% vs. 5.6%, P =.03). A trend for patients with high Ki67 and TOPO2A/HER2 co-amplification was found (21.1% vs. none, P =.54; 50.0% vs. 12%, P =.16). pCR was significantly higher in patients with Hsp90 score 3+, in comparison with score 2+ and score 1+ (50.0% vs. 14.3% vs. none, P =.05). After treatment, a statistically significant lower Ki67 staining (30.0% vs. 17.5%, P =.005) and a trend for the decreased expression of high (score 3+) and moderate (score 2+) Hsp90 immunostaining (McNemar P =.25, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney P =.08) were found.

Conclusions Although underpowered, our data suggest that patients with HER2-positive breast cancer overexpressing Hsp90 should be investigated as a "newer" molecular subtype with a significantly higher chance of pCR when receiving anti-Her2 agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-23
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Breast Cancer
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • HER2
  • Hsp90
  • Ki67
  • TOPO2A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)

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