Human immunodeficiency virus-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma: Activity of infusional cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide as second-line chemotherapy in 40 patients

Michele Spina, Emanuela Vaccher, Senka Juzbasic, Isabella Milan, Guglielmo Nasti, Renato Talamini, Marco Fasan, Andrea Antinori, Ezio Nigra, Umberto Tirelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND. The prognosis of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is poor. In fact, despite a high complete response (CR) rate, approximately 50% of these patients die from progressive lymphoma. METHODS. From November 1994 to April 2000, the authors treated 40 patients with resistant or recurrent HIV-related NHL with a 96-hour continuous intravenous infusion of cyclophosphamide (187.5 mg/m2 per day), doxorubicin (12.5 mg/m2 per day), and etoposide (60 mg/m2 per day). RESULTS. The median number of cycles administered was two (range, one to six cycles). A CR was documented in 4 of 40 patients (10%), and a partial remission (PR) was documented in 7 of 40 patients (18%). The CR median duration was 6 months (range, 4-30+ months), whereas PRs lasted for 5 months (range, 2-8 months). The overall median survival was 4 months (range, <1-33 months), and the median survival for responding patients was 10 months. CONCLUSIONS. The current data confirm that infusional cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide is active in patients with refractory or recurrent HIV-related NHL. However, the median survival of these patients remains poor, and the other innovative approaches should be used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-206
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2001

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Human immunodeficiency virus infection
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Second-line treatment
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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