The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) laboratory strains adapted to T-cell lines, as well as most syncytium-inducing primary isolates, replicate poorly in macrophages, which, beside CD4+ T lymphocytes, are major targets of HIV-1. In the present work, we used a semiquantitative PCR-based technique to study viral entry into cells, kinetics of reverse transcription, and translocation of the viral DNA into the nucleus of macrophages infected with different HIV-1 strains. Our results demonstrate that T-lymphotropic strains efficiently enter macrophages. Entry was inhibited by a monoclonal antibody against CD4 and by stromal cell-derived factor lot, a natural ligand of CXCR4, suggesting that both CD4 and CXCR4 act as receptors on macrophages for HIV-1 T-lymphotropic strains. Analysis of the kinetics of reverse transcription and nuclear import revealed that the most pronounced differences between T-lymphotropic and macrophagetropic strains occurred at the level of nuclear translocation of viral DNA, although a delay in reverse transcription was also observed. These results suggest that postentry steps are critical for restricted replication of T-lymphotropic HIV-1 strains in macrophages.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1998|
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