Interference with T cell activation signals by Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) gene products is suggested to contribute to the impairment of immune functions observed in AIDS. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and HIV share common stimulatory signals triggered during T cell activation. The role of HIV tat, which is the main enhancing factor for viral LTR, in the regulation of IL-2 gene transcription has been studied following transient expression of the tat gene in phorbol ester and calcium ionophore-activated Jurkat cells transfected with IL-2 promoter-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter constructs. We observed that tat increased the IL-2 promoter transcriptional activity in response to phorbol ester and ionomycin. This tat-dependent synergism mapped to the (-279 to -263 bp) NFAT motif of the IL-2 enhancer, which was sufficient to be transactivated by tat. Our data suggest that tat links T cell activating signals to the shared IL-2 and HIV regulation. This may play a role in the early phase of HIV infection.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology