Human microvascular endothelial cells from different fetal organs demonstrate organ-specific CAM expression

G. Invernici, D. Ponti, E. Corsini, S. Cristini, S. Frigerio, A. Colombo, E. Parati, G. Alessandri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work, we isolated and produced long-term cultures of human fetal endothelial cells (fECs) deriving from different organs of the same 12-week-old embryos. Highly pure endothelium cultures were obtained from specimens of brain, heart, lung, liver, aorta and kidney by using magnetic microspheres coated with CD31 or CD34 specific endothelial antibodies. The endothelial nature of these cells was confirmed by the presence of von Willebrand Factor (vWf), Flk-1/VEGFR2 and CD31. The fECs cultures showed organ-specific differences as regards to the morphological appearance, the growth rate and the expression of cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs) before or after stimulation by the inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and TNF-α. For instance, TNF-α showed a specific effect on fetal heart ECs by stimulating E-selectin expression. Our findings indicate that fECs may represent an innovative tool to study differences among ECs of different vascular districts of the same individual, thus increasing the possibility to compare many pathological aspects of human adult and fetal microvasculature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-282
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume308
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2005

Keywords

  • Cell adhesion molecules
  • Comparative studies
  • Endothelium
  • Heterogeneity
  • In vitro

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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