Human neutrophils produce CCL23 in response to various TLR-agonists and TNFα

Fabio Arruda-Silva, Francisco Bianchetto-Aguilera, Sara Gasperini, Sara Polletti, Emanuela Cosentino, Nicola Tamassia, Marco A. Cassatella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


CCL23, also known as myeloid progenitor inhibitory factor (MPIF)-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3, or CKβ8, is a member of the CC chemokine subfamily exerting its effects via CCR1 binding. By doing so, CCL23 selectively recruits resting T lymphocytes and monocytes, inhibits proliferation of myeloid progenitor cells and promotes angiogenesis. Previously, we and other groups have reported that human neutrophils are able to produce chemokines upon appropriate activation, including CCR1-binding CCL2, CCL3, and CCL4. Herein, we demonstrate that human neutrophils display the capacity to also express and release CCL23 when stimulated by R848 and, to a lesser extent, by other pro-inflammatory agonists, including LPS, Pam3CSK4, and TNFα. Notably, we show that, on a per cell basis, R848-activated neutrophils produce higher levels of CCL23 than autologous CD14+ -monocytes activated under similar experimental conditions. By contrast, we found that, unlike CD14+ -monocytes, neutrophils do not produce CCL23 in response to IL-4, thus indicating that they express CCL23 in a stimulus-specific fashion. Finally, we show that the production of CCL23 by R848-stimulated neutrophils is negatively modulated by IFNα, which instead enhances that of CCL2. Together, data extend our knowledge on the chemokines potentially produced by neutrophils. The ability of human neutrophils to produce CCL23 further supports the notion on the neutrophil capacity of orchestrating the recruitment of different cell types to the inflamed sites, in turn contributing to the control of the immune response.

Original languageEnglish
Article number176
JournalFrontiers in cellular and infection microbiology
Issue numberMAY
Publication statusPublished - May 12 2017


  • CCL23
  • CCR1
  • IF2015YYKPNN)
  • Neutrophils
  • R848

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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