Human NK cells and their receptors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The past decade has witnessed important progress in our understanding of how natural killer (NK) cells function. This is primarily consequent to the identification and functional characterization of MHC-specific inhibitory receptors that allow NK cells to discriminate between normal cells and potentially harmful cells that have lost or express insufficient amounts of MHC class I molecules. More recently, a number of activating receptors or coreceptors have been identified that are involved in the process of natural cytotoxicity but may also play a role in the direct recognition of pathogen-associated structures. Surprisingly, none of the triggering receptors identified in NK cells appears to be involved in the "NK-like activity" of a subset of CD8+ cytolytic T lymphocytes. In this case, lysis of NK-susceptible tumor target cells is the result of the TCR α/β-mediated recognition of HLA-E. The potent cytolytic activity of NK cells as well as their unique mode of functioning may be exploited in therapy. An important breakthrough is the recent report that "alloreactive" NK cells, generated in haploidentical bone marrow transplantation in patients with acute myeloid leukemias, may efficiently prevent leukemic relapses as well as graft rejection and graft-vs.-host disease. This may lead to a true revolution in bone marrow transplantation, based on the exploitation of appropriate HLA-Cl I mismatches that can put NK cells in action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1544
Number of pages6
JournalMicrobes and Infection
Volume4
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemias
  • Cytolytic T lymphocytes
  • Haploidentical bone marrow transplantation
  • HLA-Cl I-specific inhibitory receptors
  • HLA-E
  • Killer Ig-like receptors
  • NK cell alloreactivity
  • NK cells
  • NK-like activity
  • Triggering NK receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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