We investigated the capacity of human islets to produce monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Primary cultures of pancreatic islets expressed and secreted MCP-1, as determined by Northern blot, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The produced MCP-1 was biologically active as it attracted monocytes in chemotaxis assay, and chemotactic activity was almost abrogated by a neutralizing anti-MCP-1 monoclonal antibody. Expression of MCP-1 was increased by primary inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α) and lipopolysaccharide at both the mRNA and protein levels but not by glucose. However, MCP-1 did not modulate insulin secretion. MCP-1 secreted by pancreatic islets plays a relevant role in the clinical outcome of islet transplant in patients with type 1 diabetes. In fact, low MCP-1 secretion resulted as the most relevant factor for long-lasting insulin independence. This finding opens new approaches in the management of human islet transplantation. Finally, the finding that MCP-1 appears constitutively present in normal human islet β-cells (immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization), in the absence of an inflammatory infiltrate, suggests that this chemokine could have functions other than monocyte recruitment and opens a new link between the endocrine and immune systems.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism