Human peripheral blood and pleural fluid eosinophils can be induced by immune complexes to release IgG immune complexes and aggregated IgE

G. A. Rossi, O. Sacco, A. Morelli, U. Benatti, C. Ravazzoni, G. Damiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The ability of IgG and IgE immune complexes and of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), a soluble membrane activator, to stimulate hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) release and to induce oxygen radical-mediated cytotoxic activity by human peripheral blood (PBL) eosinophils and by PBL neutrophils was evaluated in normal volunteers and patients with hypereosinophilic malignant pleural effusions due to lung cancer. PMA stimulated a significant respiratory burst. Similar results were obtained with IgG IC stimulation, although the levels of H2O2 were lower. Agg IgE induced H2O2 release only by PBL and PE eosinophils and not by neutrophils. PMA stimulation resulted in detectable cytotoxic activity. IgG IC generated both PBL and PE eosinophil and PBL neutrophil cytotoxicity. Agg IgE induced significant cellular cytotoxicity in both PBL and PE eosinophils. This study suggests that eosinophil oxidative metabolic burst and cytotoxic activity stimulated by IgG and IgE immune complexes could represent a possible mechanism of parenchymal injury in eosinophilic disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1014-1022
Number of pages9
JournalChest
Volume94
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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