Human T-cell lymphotropic virus tax and Epstein-Barr virus DNA in peripheral blood of multiple sclerosis patients during acute attack

P. Ferrante, E. Omodeo-Zorini, M. R. Zuffolato, R. Mancuso, R. Caldarelli-Stefano, S. Puricelli, M. Mediati, L. Losciale, D. Caputo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives - A study was performed to determine whether persistent or latent viruses are reactivated during the acute attack in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). Material and Methods - DNA of herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and -2), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), JC virus (JCV) and HTLV-I was searched, using nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR), in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from 14 MS patients on the first day and, twice a week, during an acute attack of the disease. Results - Viral DNA was detected, in at least one PBMC sample, in all the patients. Interestingly, EBV DNA was found in 42.8% of the patients on the first day, while a sharp increase of the HTLV tax-rex DNA frequency (35.7%) was observed on the tenth day. Conclusions - In MS relapse EBV DNA detection is an early, frequent event, while the finding of tax-rex, but not of other HTLV-I genomic regions, is a secondary phenomenon, suggesting that these two factors could interact in the pathogenesis of MS relapses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica, Supplement
Volume95
Issue number169
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • acute attack
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • HTLV tax-rex, HSV-1, HSV-2, human cytomegalovirus, JC virus
  • multiple sclerosis
  • PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neurology

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