Purpose: To evaluate in vivo whether the expression of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene, the catalytic subunit of the telomerase complex, is predictive of response to chemotherapy in ovarian cancer patients. Patients and Methods: Fifty-nine advanced-stage ovarian cancer patients who were treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were studied. hTERT levels were evaluated by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on tumor specimens obtained before the treatment. Variables were analyzed by the χ2 and Fisher's exact tests. Logistic regression analysis was also performed to account for the effects of all the covariates investigated (residual disease, stage, histotype, and grade). Results: Twenty-eight (47%) of the 59 tumors showed low hTERT levels, whereas 31 (53%) tumors displayed high hTERT levels. Seventy-five percent of complete responders showed high levels of hTERT expression, whereas 66% of partial responders or nonresponders exhibited low HTERT levels (P = .002). Only residual disease and hTERT expression were independent predictors of response (odds ratios, 13.455 and 7.586, respectively). The combination of these two parameters provides powerful predictive information: 18 of the 20 patients with residual disease more than 2 cm and low hTERT levels were partial responders or nonresponders, whereas 11 of the 12 patients with residual disease less than 2 cm and high hTERT levels showed a complete response (χ2 = 21,416; P <.00001). Conclusion: Our data indicate that hTERT expression, measured by real-time RT-PCR, is a possible independent marker of response to platinum-based therapy in advanced stage ovarian cancer patients. Prospective validation of this marker will be required to further define its predictive value.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research