Human trichinellosis caused by Trichinella britovi in Greece, and literature review

D. Dimzas, A. Diakou, C. Koutras, M. A. Gomez Morales, D. Psalla, P. Keryttopoulos, D. Deligianni, K. Kontotasios, Edoardo Pozio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trichinellosis is a cosmopolitan zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the nematodes of the genus Trichinella, through the consumption of raw or semi-raw infected meat from swine, horses and wild animals. This disease has been sporadically reported in Greece since 1946. The aim of the present study was to describe a trichinellosis case in a patient hospitalized in northern Greece, in 2017. A 47-year-old male was admitted to hospital with intense generalized myalgia, periorbital swelling, fever, exhaustion and anorexia. Biochemical and haematological profile showed eosinophilia and elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK). Anti-Trichinella spp. IgG and IgM antibodies were detected by serology and Trichinella spp. larvae were found in two muscle biopsies by compressorium and histological examination. A larva collected from the muscle biopsy was identified as Trichinella britovi by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Albendazole (400 mg twice per day x 10 days) was administered and the clinical condition of the patient promptly improved. This is the first identification of T. britovi in a patient in Greece.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Helminthology
Volume94
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Greece
  • public health
  • Trichinella britovi
  • trichinellosis

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