Hybrid procedures for the treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms and dissections

R. Chiesa, Y. Tshomba, E. M. Marone, D. Logaldo, L. Bertoglio, A. Kahlberg, G. Melissano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The search for less invasive therapeutic approaches to thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) brought endovascular procedures to establish themselves as alternatives to open surgery in high-risk patients. Aim of this study is to illustrate the hybrid - open and endovascular - treatment of dissecting and non-dissecting TAAAs, and to analyze short and midterm results at our Center. We analyzed 41 high-risk patients who underwent hybrid TAAA repair (dissecting TAAA in 17% of cases) with a variety of visceral rerouting configuration and of commercially available thoracic endografts. Thirty-one simultaneous (76%) and 10 staged procedures (24%) were performed with a four-vessel revascularization in 13 cases (32%), a three-vessel in 9 (22%) and a two-vessel in 19 (46%). No intraoperative deaths were observed in our series, with a technical success in endovascular TAAA repair of 100%. Two patients died in the intersurgical time. A perioperative mortality of 13% and a perioperative morbidity of 32% were recorded, including one case (2.4%) of permanent paraplegia. At a median follow-up of 23.3 months, we observed a visceral graft occlusion rate of 6%, three type II endoleak and one endograft migration. Six patients died for unrelated events. Typical complications of conventional TAAA open surgery have been not eliminated by hybrid repair and still significant mortality and morbidity have been reported. Dissecting etiology did not negatively affect the outcome of hybrid repair in our experience. Fate of visceral bypasses and incidence of endoleak and other endograft-related complications need to be carefully assessed. Hybrid TAAA repair should nowadays be limited as alternative to simple observation in patients unfit for the conventional open repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-832
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume51
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Aorta, thoracic
  • Aortic aneurysm, thoracic
  • Dissection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

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