Hydrotherapy in advanced heart failure: The cardio-HKT pilot study

Annamaria Municinó, Annamaria Nicolino, Manlio Milanese, Edoardo Gronda, Bruno Andreuzzi, Fabrizio Oliva, Francesco Chiarella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In-water exercise, hydrotherapy, may offer an attractive alternative to conventional training in markedly compromised patients with advanced HF. This Pilot Study evaluates the safety and efficacy of Cardio-Hydrokinesitherapy (Cardio-HKT) in patients with advanced HF on optimal medical therapy. Cardio-HKT is a novel rehabilitation program that includes training sessions in warm water (31°C), integrated by educational and psycho-behavioural sessions to promote healthy life style modifications. Methods: We studied 18 adult patients with advanced HF, LVEFII and peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006


  • Aerobic training
  • Cardiopulmonary exercise test
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Quality of life
  • Skeletal muscle de-conditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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