The possible occurrence of asymptomatic retinal vascular damage was investigated in 87 hyperhomocysteinemic (plasma total homocysteine >13 μmol/L) adult epileptic patients (46 M, 41 F; age 34.2 ± 7.5 years; mean plasma homocysteine levels 29.8 ± 15.4 μmol/L; duration of epilepsy 11.5 ± 2.4 years) with no other risk factors for atherosclerosis. Plasma total homocysteine (t-Hcy) levels were assayed by high performance liquid chromatography. Retina vascular status was assessed by fundus oculi ophthalmoscopy performed in blind conditions by two skilled ophthalmologists and compared with that obtained from 102 randomly chosen epileptic patients and 94 healthy subjects, matched for age and sex, showing normal t-Hcy levels. No retina abnormality was detected in any of the subjects belonging to the three groups. Based on these results, we conclude that epileptic patients with mild to intermediate hyperhomocysteinemia are not at risk to develop retinal vascular disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health