Hyperprothrombinaemia-induced APC resistance. Differential influence on fibrin formation and fibrinolysis

Bianca M. Binetti, Crescenza Rotunno, Armando Tripodi, Daniela Asti, Fabrizio Semeraro, Nicola Semeraro, Mario Colucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The prothrombin gene mutation G20210A is a common risk factor for thrombosis and has been reported to cause APC resistance. However, the inhibition of thrombin formation by APC not only limits fibrin formation but also stimulates fibrinolysis by reducing TAFI activation. We evaluated the influence of prothrombin G20210A mutation on the anticoagulant and fibrinolytic activities of APC (l μg/ml). Thirty-two heterozygous carriers and 32 non carriers were studied. APC anticoagulant activity was assessed by aPTT prolongation whereas APC fibrinolytic activity was determined by a microplate clot lysis assay. APC induced aPTT prolongation was markedly less pronounced in carriers than in non carriers. On the contrary, fibrinolysis time was shortened by APC to a comparable extent in both groups. Accordingly, prothrombin levels were strongly correlated with APC-induced aPTT prolongation but not with APC-induced shortening of lysis time. The addition of purified prothrombin to normal plasma (final concentration 150%) caused APC resistance in the clotting assay over the whole range of tested APC concentrations (0.125-1.5 μg/ml). In the fibrinolytic assay, instead, prothrombin supplementation made the sample resistant to low but not to high concentrations of APC (>0.5 μg/ml). Thrombin and TaFIa determination in the presence of 1 μg/ml APC revealed that hyperprothrombinemia, although capable of enhancing thrombin generation, was unable to induce detectable TAFIa formation. It is suggested that APC resistance caused by hyperprothrombinaemia does not translate in impaired fibrinolysis, at least in the presence of high APC levels, because the increase in thrombin formation is insufficient to activate the amount of TAFI required to inhibit plasminogen conversion. These data might help to better understand the relationship between thrombin formation and fibrinolysis down-regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-611
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume95
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

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Keywords

  • FAFI
  • Protein C
  • Prothrombin G20210A
  • Thrombin generation
  • Thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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