Purpose: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) enables high-resolution analysis of retinal layers and previously unseen hyperreflective dots (HRD). HRD morphological characteristics, evolution, possible origin and prognostic value are discussed. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of 100 patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), who were treated and followed up with monthly imaging examinations. Statistical correlations between visual acuity (VA) and pre-/post- treatment HRD characteristics were evaluated. Results: HRD were present in all cases, mainly in the outer retinal layers but also elsewhere. After treatment, HRD regressed in a few days, 1 month (p <0.04) and 3 months (p <0.01). Regression was evident in all VA and morphological subsets. Resolution was associated with better final VA (p <0.001). Conclusions: Presence of initial/recurrent HRD, rapid treatment response and the growing role that early biological inflammatory reaction plays in AMD suggests HRD are activated microglia cells. The correlation between VA and HRD could make HRD a clinical marker for early decisions about treatment and retreatment.
- Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment
- Exudative age-related macular degeneration
- Hyperreflective dots
- Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems