Epidemiological and clinical studies carried out over the past 30 years have unequivocally shown that cardiac hypertrophy is frequently associated with high blood pressure values adversely affecting, from a pathophysiological and prognostic view point, the clinical evolution of the hypertensive disease. From a pathophysiological view point, it has been reported that a pathologic increase in cardiac wall thickness not only impairs diastolic function, coronary circulation and reflex control of circulation exerted by cardiopulmonary volume receptors, but also enhances cardiac work and myocardial oxygen consumption. From a clinical view point, cardiac hypertrophy has been shown to increase the risk of occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Antihypertensive drugs, such as ACE-inhibitors, calcium antagonists and alpha and beta-blocking agents, by reducing high blood pressure values and concomitantly by favouring the regression of the echo- and electrocardiographic signs of cardiac hypertrophy, have been shown to physiologically restore normal cardiac function and reflex homeostatic cardiovascular control.
|Translated title of the contribution||Hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure|
|Journal||Annali Italiani di Medicina Interna|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine